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the hemp

Hemp is a very old cultivated plant. The plant with its finger-like pinnate leaves has been cultivated for its valuable plant parts since the 3rd millennium BC. The fibers are used to make cloth, sails, ropes and paper, an edible oil with a high content of valuable fatty acids is pressed from the seeds, which is also used in medicine,_cc781905-5cde-3194- bb3b-136bad5cf58d_the flowers and leaves are used as a remedy for all sorts of diseases and ailments, as well as the basis for the distillation of an essential oil used in aromatherapy and for the manufacture of perfumes and cosmetics. Even the remains of processing are still used: the press cakes as food and the shives as bedding for horses and small animals. There are also building materials (insulation, mortar) and hard plastic.


The cannabinoids

So far, over a hundred cannabinoids are known to be found in the hemp plant. There are also a whole range of terpenes (aroma substances). The most well-known cannabinoid is delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), which causes the psychoactive effect. In a cannabis plant there are usually only a few cannabinoids in a relevant concentration. Depending on the variety, this can be mainly delta-9-THC, but also the non-psychoactive cannabidiol (CBD), which is of great interest in medicine and in the leisure sector today, precisely because many sick and recreational users do not want an intoxicating effect.

More and more scientific and clinical studies underline the potential of CBD as a treatment option for a variety of medical conditions. Recently, hemp strains have been discovered that contain CBD as the main cannabinoid, but only trace amounts of delta-9-THC. In many countries, hemp plants that contain more than a certain percentage of delta-9-THC are considered narcotics (Switzerland: >1%) and are subject to the relevant legal regulations.

CBD effect


Unter dem „Rauschhanf“, weisen  Cannabis   indica -lastige  Sorten  einen höheren CBD-Gehalt than Cannabis  sativa dominance strains.

CBD taken alone does not cause any intoxication - it is not essentially psychotropic - and has no relevant (mental) side effects.


The individual effects of the substance, like those of other  cannabinoids , have not yet been fully researched. So there is definitely scope for the discovery of further effects. The effect in isolated form is also to be viewed differently than in combination with many other substances of the cannabis plant (e.g. alone over 80 cannabinoids, also  flavonoidsterpenes ,   terpenoids ).


CBD mediates its effects through both the CB1 and CB2 receptors. The receptors of the endocannabinoid system (ECS) are activated or inhibited by endogenous cannabinoids (endocannabinoids) and probably influence many physiological processes.

Among other things, possible therapeutic effects such as antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, anti-convulsive, anti-emetic, anxiolytic or anti-psychotic effects are discussed. However, the medical effects of CBD have not yet been adequately researched.


For a long time, cannabis breeders were primarily concerned with keeping the CBD content as low as possible in order to achieve a better "high". The CBD content in many common cannabis varieties is less than one percent. The effect of CBD is more in the direction of relaxing, physical and pleasantly calming on the psyche. CBD is not regulated in Switzerland and in its pure form is absolutely  legal .



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